Komik Ilmiah sebagai Pemancing Minat Belajar [Suara Pembaruan]

10 Sep

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Komik Ilmiah sebagai Pemancing Minat Belajar

6 September 2007

Minat belajar anak kadang menurun ketika menemui pelajaran eksakta. Penjelasan ilmiahnya sulit dimengerti dan membosankan. Tetapi itu cerita dulu. Kini, banyak buku-buku ilmiah yang tampil menarik. Bahkan dikemas dalam bentuk komik atau ilustrasi kartun. Komik ilmiah mulai menjadi fenomena sebagai pemancing minat belajar.

Seri komik ilmiah biasanya berisi mengenai pengetahuan ilmiah misalnya tentang planet dan sejenisnya yang disajikan dalam bentuk gambar-gambar menarik. Di Amerika dan Jepang malah banyak sekali komik-komik

pendidikan yang dirancang khusus untuk orang dewasa. (Hikmat Darmawan)

Dok SP - Ilustrasi dalam buku-buku ilmiah dapat menarik minat baca.

Menurut seorang ibu muda, Hilda, kedua anaknya, Rara (12 tahun) dan Aldo (9 tahun) lebih tertarik membaca berbagai pengetahuan ilmiah dari buku komik ilmiah daripada mempelajari atau membacanya dari buku-buku wajib sekolah.

Salah satu buku komik ilmiah yang gemar dibaca dan dikoleksi Rara dan Aldo adalah buku seri Edu-Comic berjudul 3 Menit Belajar Pengetahuan Umum. Seri komik ilmiah ini terdiri atas lima buku.

Masing-masing seri buku komik tersebut berisi tiga topik utama, di antaranya tentang binatang, alam semesta, tubuh manusia, lingkungan, makanan, kesehatan, olahraga, iklim, uji coba, fakta unik, dan lain-lain. Tiap bukunya memuat lebih dari 70 fakta yang setiap judulnya selalu merupakan kalimat tanya.

Halaman demi halaman buku yang digarap oleh penulis dan ilustrator Korea, Kim Seok-Ho dan Kim Seok Cheon ini dipenuhi dengan gambar-gambar menarik yang dihias dengan warna-warna menarik. Setiap judul cerita hanya dibuat sepanjang dua halaman, dengan kalimat-kalimat yang singkat dan mudah dimengerti oleh anak-anak.

“Dengan membaca buku ini anak-anak jadi paham tentang binatang, serangga, alam semesta, lingkungan, tubuh kita, dan beberapa pengetahuan umum lainnya. Gambar-gambarnya yang bagus dengan warna-warna yang menarik serta kata-katanya yang singkat membuat anak-anak jadi tertarik untuk membacanya,” kata Hilda.

Sementara menurut Hernadi Tanzil dalam blognya, buku seri komik ilmiah 3 Menit Belajar Pengetahuan Umum, membuat ilmu pengetahuan menjadi sangat menarik dan tak lagi terasa sebagai sesuatu yang rumit.

“Buku ini mengungkap semua yang berhubungan dengan keseharian kita dimana kita sebenarnya selalu bersentuhan dan belajar dari pengalaman mengenai pentingnya ilmu pengetahuan. Buku ini mengajak pembacanya untuk merasakan berapa menariknya ilmu pengetahuan, ” ungkapnya.

Menurut Pengamat Komik dari Indonesia, Hikmat Darmawan, sebagai buku bacaan, komik tak melulu berisi cerita-cerita dongeng atau menghibur. Tapi sejumlah komik ilmiah juga dapat menjadi teman belajar anak dan dewasa. Salah satunya seri Edu-Comic yang dirancang khusus untuk membantu anak memahami pengetahuan ilmiah lewat komik. Atau seri komik karya Larry Gonick yang cocok untuk kalangan dewasa.

“Seri komik ilmiah biasanya berisi mengenai pengetahuan ilmiah misalnya tentang planet dan sejenisnya yang disajikan dalam bentuk gambar-gambar menarik. Di Amerika dan Jepang malah banyak sekali komik-komik pendidikan yang dirancang khusus untuk orang dewasa,” urainya.

Menurut Hikmat, buku pelajaran akan jauh lebih menarik dan mudah dipahami jika disajikan dalam bentuk komik. Hal itu sudah dilakukan di Jepang dan Amerika. Bahkan di kedua negara tersebut banyak mata kuliah yang diajarkan dengan pendamping buku teks berbentuk komik.

“Jadi bukan hanya buku-buku pelajaran untuk anak-anak sekolah dasar macam seri Doraemon yang edisi pendidikan saja, tapi juga ada buku-buku teks untuk mahasiswa yang sudah disajikan dalam bentuk komik,” ungkapnya.

Hikmat mengatakan, dengan belajar dari buku-buku ilmiah berbentuk komik, kegiatan belajar bagi anak pun terasa tak membosankan. Suasana yang nyaman tersebut akan membuat anak jadi lebih mudah memahami materi pelajaran yang mereka pelajari.

“Dengan belajar dari buku-buku komik ilmiah belajar tentu akan lebih fun. Kalau sudah fun, materi akan lebih banyak masuk. Membaca komik juga akan membantu anak dalam meningkatkan kemampuan yang berimbang antara otak kanan dan otak kiri,” tuturnya.

Editor Bentara Kompas yang juga merupakan Pengamat Komik dari Indonesia, Nirwan Arsuka mengatakan, saat ini hampir semua pengetahuan ilmiah telah disajikan dalam bentuk komik.

Salah satu yang paling terkenal adalah komik seri Kartun Riwayat Peradaban (KRP) karya Larry Gonick. Dalam biografi singkatnya, sang kartunis disebut pernah belajar matematika di Harvard. Gonick tidak melakukan apapun selain menggambar kartun sepanjang hari di rumahnya di San Francisco. Selain seri KRP, dia juga menggambar untuk buku Kartun Fisika, Kartun Kimia, Kartun Biologi Genetika, Kartun Lingkungan dan Kartun Statistik.

Kartun Gonick

Dalam buku Kartun Biologi Genetika, Gonick bahkan memaparkan hal-hal yang menentukan jenis kelamin manusia, mutasi gen sampai rekayasa genetik. Sementara di buku Kartun Riwayat Peradaban II, kartunis itu mengulas tentang peradaban India, Cina, Romawi dan kelahiran berbagai agama di dunia.

“Konyol dan asyik. Edan tapi serius, pas untuk seluruh keluarga,” komentar aktor Hollywood Richard Gere.

Dalam buku Kartun Riwayat Peradaban I, Gonick bahkan mengkartunkan dirinya sendiri. Dia mengolok-olok ahli matematika Harvard yang disebut pernah mencemooh teorinya. Sekalipun mengandung sejarah, buku ini tidak mengurai sesuai dengan rumit. Humor-humor dan banyolan konyol selalu menyertai kartun Gonick.

“Kelompok komik ini bertaut erat dengan komik-komik yang memberi petunjuk praktis tentang suatu hal,” imbuh sarjana nuklir ini. Menurutnya, anak-anak dan masyarakat awam merupakan salah satu alasan utama bermunculannya komik ilmiah. Di Indonesia sejumlah buku pelajaran telah disajikan dalam bentuk komik ilmiah.

“Namun perkembangannya masih belum seluas di luar negeri. Kondisi ini merupakan tantangan bagi para seniman komik dan pihak-pihak yang berkepentingan dengan pendidikan untuk menciptakan buku pelajaran yang lebih asyik dan bermutu,” tandasnya. [SP/Yumeldasari Chaniago/Unggul Wirawan]

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