Ada pertanyaan, Siapakah Penemu Komputer?
Komputer adalah alat bantu yang mempermudah kehidupan saat ini,
komputer dapat bekerja 3 x 8 jam, 24 jam sehari. Kebutuhan energi
komputer semakin efesien. Komputer Colossus di tahun 1943, dibuat di
England membutuhkan energi 150 KW berat 30 ton membutuhkan media
1000sq ft. 63 tahun perkembangan teknologi komputer telah membuat
ukurannya semakin ringkas dan efesien.
Kini komputer dapat dijinjing, Laptop dan digenggam PIM, PDA,
Personal Information Manager, Personal Digital Assistant, bahkan
Handphone Entry Level mempunyai operating sistem dan input-output
Sistem memory berupa flash disk yang biasa kita gunakan, merupakan
perkembangan teknologi material semikonduktor. Komputer Konrad Zuse
telah menerapkan sistem memory dari lapisan tipis lembaran metal.
Flash disk dapat menampung data 1 Gigabyte bahkan komputer NEC
menggunakan material tanpa drive optical harddisk, flash disk
puluhan Gigabyte untuk komputer yang lebih tahan jatuh, (kalo
dibanting tetap rusak, mas).
metal sheet-> relay -> transistor-> pita magnetik -> IC -> optik ->
semikonduktor -> VLIC -> biotechnology ?
Wa Allahu Alam B.
A U G I
* The first computer was developed by Charles Babbage. It was
called the Differential and Analytical Engine. The programmer for
this computer was Ada Lovelace (first programmer).
* The first working computer (in the modern sense) was invented
by Konrad Zuse. But others had created machines or ideas close to it
before. These were people like Pascal, Leibnitz and Turing.
The first computer, or “modern computer” was invented in World War
II by a German engineer, Konrad Zuse in 1941 called the Z3. More
Info: “I can add some authenticity to this answer. My grandfather
was a rocket scientist on Werner Von Braun’s team during WWII. He
was the technician who actually built the computer described above.
It was an analog computer designed to simulate the guidance system
for the rockets. It was built in secret because the higher-ups had
not given their permission for this project.”
The Z4 Computer and Zuse Apparatebau
For this reason, he compared the advantages and disadvantages of a
memory built using relays to a memory constructed from thin metal
sheets (like the Z1 and Z2). His conclusion was that constructing
the memory from metal sheets was much less expensive than building a
relay memory. It was clear to him that a memory of one thousand 32-
bit words consisting of relays would be too big, because he would
need more than 1000 x 32 = 32,000 relays. His patented mechanical
memory (1936) worked very reliably, and for 1000 words he would not
need more than one cubic meter of space. Konrad Zuse also estimated
the costs of one 32-bit word of his mechanical memory as being 5 RM
(Reichmarks) , which equated to approximately $2.50 US in 1942.